Golden Orfe

Leuciscus idus

Current British record: 8lb 5oz (2000) M Wilkinson, Lymm Vale, Cheshire

Golden Orfe

This super species is known as a Golden Orfe and can also be called an Ide. In the wild they are silver in colour but selective breeding will occur and you can end up with a golden or blue Orfe. This species can be found in Ponds, lakes but rarely in rivers. The Orfe have a deep sided body and is rather flat similar to the bream but not as tall. This species is not native to the British Isles and is more common across Europe. The golden Orfe is an artificial bread ornamental fish and is popular with pond owners for their gardens.


The Ide is technically an introduced species and therefore does not qualify for a British record. The current record for the Golden Orfe stands at 8lb and 5oz.


Within the right conditions, Orfe have been known to reach 75cm in length. The average length from tip to tail stands at around 40 cm in length, anything larger should definitely have its photo taken!


Studies show that the average Orfe will survive for a maximum of 20 years.


Orfe need high oxygenated waters and will spend a lot of their time at the water’s surface. Dotted around the country, there are not many places that stock Orfe and are a rarity in rivers. Search near the weeds and banks as these are places where Orfe may shoal.


Orfe tend to shoal with others of the same size and quality providing security from predators. Orfe are very energetic and put up a good fight.


Orfe will eat from the top and bottom of its environment. Orfe are more commonly caught either from the surface or within a few feet from the top. Orfe will work as a team to gain confidence when feeding and will rarely go alone. If you catch one, keep feeding as chances are there are more nearby. Maggots are an Orfe's favourite meal. Use a float 2 feet under the surface and keep your catapult busy. Little and often will hopefully give good results.


Males can develop breeding spots and females gain weight but only during breeding. The average Orfe will reach sexual maturity at the age of four to five years.


Orfe tend to lay their eggs in a cluster around plant roots or within weeds for protection. Golden Orfe are notorious for being hard to breed. Orfe grow faster that other species like the common Roach, They also spawn earlier in the season, sometimes as early as mid February. This is not surprising as the natural Orfe come from a cooler climate being found naturally in the river Rhine in parts of Asia.


All information is from a variety of sources, if you think we have missed something? Email with your update.

See you on the bank.

The Fishing UK Team!

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